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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of women with polycystic ovary syndrome compared to Eumenorrheic non hirsute controls

From: Does a restricted energy low glycemic index diet have a different effect on overweight women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome?

Characteristics PCOS (n = 33) Eumenorrheic non hirsute controls (40) P-value
Age (years) 29. 7 ± 5. 2 30. 8 ± 4.5 0. 3
Age at menarche (years) 13.1 ± 0. 6 13.1 ± 0. 7 0. 7
Education, N (%)
 Diploma and higher 22 (78. 6%) 29 (85. 3%) 0. 4
Pregnancy status
 Never pregnant 20 (60. 6%) 4 (10%) < 0.001
 Ever pregnant 13 (39. 4%) 36 (90%)  
Weight (kg) 78.9± 12.1 76. 6± 8.9 0.37
Body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) 31 ± 0.93 30.9 ± 0.5 0.9
Waist circumference (cm) 95. 4 ± 2. 2 94. 3 ± 1.1 0. 6
Hip circumference (cm) 114 ± 1. 6 111.9 ± 1. 4 0. 4
Waist to hip ratio (cm) 0.83 ± 0.009 0.84 ± 0.007 0. 7
Systolic Blood pressure (mmHg) 120.5 ± 10. 3 118. 8± 7. 3 0.46
Diastolic Blood pressure (mmHg) 77. 2± 6.9 78. 2± 4. 8 0.49
Frequency of menstruation in the last 6 months 3.46 ± 0.99 6 ± 0.1 < 0.001
Hirsutism score (FG score) 7.89 ± 5.19 1.03 ± 0.9 < 0.001
Acne, N (%) 14 (50%)
Physical activity ((Met-minute/week) 167.5± 20 147.94 ± 18.22 0.1
Energy (Kcal) 2266.9 ± 378.1 2197. 3±283. 6 0.41
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 80. 8±9.9 85. 2±9.9 0.08
Fasting blood insulin (mu/L) 14. 2± 6. 2 13. 4± 7.0 0.62
HOMA-IR 2. 8±1. 3 2. 8±1.5 0.98
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD and number (%)
  2. Independent t-test was for continuous variables and Pearson’s χ2 test for categorical ones.
  3. Kg Kilogram, cm Centimeter, mmHg Millimeters of mercury, Kcal Kilocalories, mg/dl milligrams /deciliter, mu/L Milliunits/ liter
  4. *significant difference (P < 0.05)