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Table 1 Prevalence of non-adherence to antidiabetic medications among patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Limbe and Bamenda Regional Hospitals, Cameroon, 2016

From: Adherence to antidiabetic medication and factors associated with non-adherence among patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus in two regional hospitals in Cameroon

Variable Adherent
n (%)
Non-adherent n (%) Total
N (%)
p-value
Overall, n (%) [95% CI] 89 (45.6)
[38.7–52.5]
106 (54.4)
[47.1–61.5]
  
Age (in years)
 ≤ 60 37 (35.9) 66 (64.1) 103(52.8) 0.01
 > 60 52 (56.5) 40 (43.5) 92 (47.2)
Educational level (n = 194)
 Never 26 (66.7) 13 (33.3) 39 (20.1) 0.03
 Primary 35 (42.2) 48 (57.8) 83 (42.8)
 Secondary 14 (35.9) 25 (64.1) 39 (20.1)
 High school/University 13 (39.4) 20 (60.6) 33 (17.0)
Gender (n = 194)
 Male 23 (39.7) 35 (60.3) 58 (29.9) 0.30
 Female 65 (47.5) 71 (52.2) 136 (70.1)
Co-morbidity**
 Hypertension (n = 121) 58 (47.9) 63 (52.1) 121 (100) 0.35
 Chronic renal disease (n = 7) 2 (28.6) 5 (71.4) 7 (100) 0.37*
 Heart failure (n = 7) 0 (0.0) 7 (100) 7 (100) 0.01*
 Stroke (n = 5) 3 (60) 2 (40) 5 (100) 0.51*
Duration of diabetes (in years) [n = 192]
  < 5 years 49 (51.6) 46 (48.4) 95 (49.5) 0.07*
 6–10 years 14 (31.8) 30 (68.2) 44 (22.9)
 11–20 years 17 (38.6) 27 (61.4) 44 (22.9)
  > 20 years 6 (66.7) 3 (33.3) 9 (4.7)
Number of diabetic complications (n = 194)
 None 40 (50.0) 40 (50.0) 80 (41.2) 0.54
 1 35 (42.7) 47 (57.3) 82 (42.3)
 2 or more 13 (40.6) 19 (59.4) 32 (16.5)
Alcohol consumption (n = 194)
 Yes 26 (34.7) 49 (65.3) 75 (38.7) 0.02
 No 62 (52.1) 57 (47.9) 119 (61.3)
Tobacco use (n = 194)
 Yes 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7) 3 (1.5) 0.67*
 No 87 (45.5) 104 (54.5) 191 (98.5)
Current antidiabetic medications (n = 192)  
 Single OHA 43 (53.8) 37 (46.3) 80 (41.7) 0.06
 Two OHA 26 (48.2) 28 (51.8) 54 (28.1)
 Insulin 7 (26.9) 19 (73.1) 26 (13.5)
 Insulin and OHA 11 (34.4) 21 (65.6) 32 (16.7)
Method of glycaemic control (n = 178)
 FBS 82 (47.1) 92 (52.9) 174 (97.8) 0.41*
 Glycated haemoglobin 0 (0.0) 2 (100) 2 (1.1)
 Both 1 (50.0) 1 (50.0) 2 (1.1)
Hospital setting (n = 195)
 BRH 46 (46.0) 54 (54.0) 100 (51.3) 0.85
 LRH 43 (45.3) 52 (54.7) 95 (48.7)
  1. *Fisher’s exact test, **multiple response, BRH Bamenda Regional Hospital, LRH Limbe Regional Hospital, FBS fasting blood sugar, OHA oral hypoglycaemic agent