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Table 5 Factors associated with hypoglycemia in diabetic patients at Debre Markos referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017(n = 394)

From: Self-reported hypoglycemia in adult diabetic patients in East Gojjam, Northwest Ethiopia: institution based cross-sectional study

Variables Hypoglycemia Crude OR Adjusted OR P value
Yes(N) No(N)
Occupation Farmer 81 10 1 1  
House wife 48 16 0.37 (0.16,0.88) 0.53 (0.19,1.67) 0.300
Merchant 22 16 0.17 (0.07,0.43) 0.29 (0.09,0.96) 0.042
Government employee 49 41 0.15 (0.07,0.32) 0.29 (0.11,0.78) 0.015
Student 35 15 0.29 (0.12,0.70) 0.11 (0.04,0.33) 0.001
Pensioner 14 9 0.19 (0.07,0.56) 0.57 (0.14,2.35) 0.439
Unemployed 30 8 0.46 (0.17,1.28) 0.44 (0.12,1.56) 0.201
Type of Diabetes Type 1 183 28 1 1  
Type 2 96 87 0.17 (0.10,0.28) 0.34 (0.14,0.82) 0.015
Retinopathy Yes 51 14 1 1  
No 228 101 0.62 (0.33,1.17) 0.47 (0.21,1.05) 0.066
Hypertension Yes 54 42 1 1  
No 225 73 2.40 (1.48,3.88) 1.89 (0.96,3.72) 0.066
Duration of Diabetes < 2 years 47 42 1 1  
2–4 years 100 37 2.42 (1.38,4.24) 3.22 (1.58,6.58) 0.001
5–9 years 73 25 2.61 (1.41,4.83) 3.88 (1.75,8.61) 0.001
10–14 years 40 6 5.96 (2.30,15.46) 6.34 (2.12,18.96) 0.001
≥15 years 19 5 3.40 (1.17,9.89) 2.53 (0.69,9.28) 0.161
Types of medication OHA 38 70 1 1  
Insulin 215 38 10.42 (6.17,17.61) 4.93 (2.05,11.86) 0.001
OHA & insulin 26 7 6.84 (2.72,17.23) 5.35 (1.88,15.28) 0.002
Discussion of hypoglycemia with a physician Never 56 34 1 1  
Sometimes 82 43 1.16 (0.66,2.03) 0.76 (0.38,1.57) 0.481
Always 141 38 2.25 (1.29,3.93) 1.65 (0.79,3.46) 0.182
  1. *N Number