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Table 4 Frequency of hypoglycemic events among diabetic patients at Debre Markos referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia 2017(n = 394)

From: Self-reported hypoglycemia in adult diabetic patients in East Gojjam, Northwest Ethiopia: institution based cross-sectional study

Variables Type 1 Type 2 Total P value
N (%) N (%) N (%)
History of hypoglycemic episode ever since diagnosis of diabetes Yes 183 (86.7) 96 (52.5) 279 (70.8) 0.001
No 28 (13.3) 87 (47.5) 115 (29.2)  
History of severe hypoglycemic episode ever since diagnosis Yes 68 (32.2) 37 (20.2) 105 (26.6) 0.005
No 143 (67.8) 146 (79.8) 289 (73.4)  
Frequency of hypoglycemia in the last one month Once 38 (18.01) 22 (12.02) 60 (15.23)  
Twice 33 (15.64) 15 (8.20) 48 (12.18)  
3 times 14 (6.64) 7 (3.83) 21 (5.33)  
4 times 6 (2.84) 2 (1.09) 8 (2.03)  
5 or more times 7 (3.32) 4 (2.18) 11 (2.79)  
Total episodes 213 102 315 0.001
Frequency of hypoglycemia in the last one month during sleep Once 16 (7.58) 4 (2.18) 20 (5.08)  
Twice 4 (1.90) 3 (1.64) 7 (1.78)  
3 times 1 (0.47) 2 (1.09) 3 (0.76)  
4 times 2 (0.95)   2 (0.51)  
Total episodes 35 16 51 0.024
Frequency of severe hypoglycemia in the past one year Once 25 (11.85) 12 (6.56) 37 (9.39)  
Twice 16 (7.58) 7 (3.83) 23 (5.84)  
3 times 7 (3.32) 7 (3.83) 14 (3.55)  
4 times 1 (0.47) 2 (1.09) 3 (0.76)  
5 or more times 9 (4.27) 3 (1.64) 12 (3.05)  
Total episodes 152 73 225 0.76
How often do you discuss hypoglycemia with physician Never 35 (16.58) 55 (30.05) 90 (22.84) 0.001
Sometimes 65 (30.81) 60 (32.77) 125 (31.73)  
Always 111 (52.61) 68 (37.16) 179 (45.43)  
Corrective actions if/when hypoglycemic None 3 (1.42) 16 (8.74) 19 (4.82) 0.001
Take sugar 170 (80.57) 134 (73.22) 304 (77.16)  
Take insulin 1 (0.47)   1 (0.25)  
Go to nearby health facility 5 (2.37) 12 (6.56) 17 (4.31)  
Eat food 32 (15.17) 21 (11.46) 53 (13.45)  
Do you measure your blood glucose level before exercise or heavy work Yes 12 (5.7) 12 (6.6) 24 (6.1) 0.88
No 199 (94.3) 171 (93.4) 370 (93.9)  
  1. *N Number