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Table 2 Evolution of clinical parameters after bariatric surgery (6, 12, 36, 60 months) in DMbaseline group and preDMbaseline group

From: Cardiovascular risk reduction over time in patients with diabetes or pre-diabetes undergoing bariatric surgery: data from a single-center retrospective observational study

  6 months 12 months 36 months 60 months
  DMbaseline (n = 46) preDMbaseline (n = 52) DMbaseline (n = 48) preDMbaseline (n = 57) DMbaseline (n = 46) preDMbaseline (n = 55) DMbaseline (n = 32) preDMbaseline (n = 38)
Weight (kg) 98.5 (85, 105.7) 95.8 (83.9, 103.3) 84.3 (77, 100.5) 83 (72.3, 94) 82.8 (75.8, 99.3) 84.8 (70.6, 93.8) 85.3 (77, 105.8) 77.1 (70.5, 91.9)
BMI (kg/m2) 38.3 (33.9, 40.7) 37 (33.9, 41.3) 33.7 (30.8, 38.4) 32.6 (28.6, 37.7) 32.5 (29.3, 37) 33 (28.3, 37.4) 34.5 (29.8, 39.4) 32 (28.8, 36.7)
Body fat (%) 38.4 (32, 42.6) 39.6 (33.4, 43.1) 34.5 (27.2, 38.3) 34.5 (26.9, 39.3) 36.1 (25.4, 41.6) 32.7 (24.6, 42) 35.6 (32.4, 37.1) 33.6 (28.5, 45.5)
Waist (cm) 116 (103, 126.3) 111 (104, 122.5) 108 (98, 117) 104 (97.3, 112.5) 105.5 (98.5, 116.3) 104 (95, 113) 103 (97.5, 120.3) 102 (91, 111)
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 96 (85.8, 109.3) 87 (79, 93) 91 (80.8, 99.3) 83 (79, 90) 92 (82, 100.8) 84.5 (80.3, 92.8) 91.5 (86.8, 99.8) 86 (80, 94)
Plasma insulin (μU/ml) 7 (4, 12) 8 (5, 11.7) 6 (4, 8.2) 5 (3.9, 7.2) 5 (3, 7.4) 5.7 (4, 8) 6 (4, 8) 6 (4, 8)
C-peptide (ng/ml) 2.8 (2, 3.5) 2.6 (2.2, 3.1) 2 (1.6, 2.6) 2 (1.7, 2.4) 2 (1.4, 2.5) 2 (1.5, 2.4) 1.9 (1.5, 2.6) 2 (1.5, 2.3)
HOMA-IR 1.8 (1.1, 3.3) 1.6 (1.1, 2.4) 1.4 (0.9, 1.9) 1.1 (0.7, 1.6) 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 1.1 (0.8, 1.8) 1.4 (1, 1.9) 1.2 (0.8, 1.8)
HbA1c (%) 5.3 (5.1, 5.6) 5 (4.8, 5.4) 5.3 (5, 5.6) 5.2 (4.8, 5.3) 5.4 (5.2, 5.7) 5.1 (4.9, 5.4) 5.7 (5.4, 5.9) 5.3 (4.9, 5.6)
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 166 (145, 180) 163 (143.5, 180.5) 160.5 (144.8, 178.5) 155 (137.3, 175.3) 178 (158.3, 190) 167.5 (142, 184.8) 177 (162.8, 196) 175 (146, 194)
LDL-c (mg/dl) 97 (81, 109) 94 (84, 111) 94 (75, 107.5) 85 (71.8, 100.3) 104.5 (84.3, 119) 88.5 (71.3, 109.3) 104 (89, 114.5) 89 (76, 112)
HDL-c (mg/dl) 41 (36, 46) 43 (38.5, 50.5) 48 (42, 52.5) 50.5 (43, 60) 53 (44, 60) 56 (48, 69.8) 56 (49, 64) 61 (51, 72)
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 117 (91, 157) 102 (82, 127) 93 (75, 124.5) 82 (67, 108.3) 93 (72.8, 119.3) 86 (72.3, 118.8) 97 (76, 116) 89 (66, 108)
SBP (mm Hg) 130 (120, 150) 126 (119, 138) 123 (110, 136) 120 (110, 137) 130 (122, 140) 120 (117, 130) 131 (120, 140) 130 (119, 144.5)
DBP (mm Hg) 72 (70, 81.8) 71 (70, 80) 72 (69.5, 77.5) 70 (65, 79) 75 (68.8, 78.5) 70 (63, 78) 76 (70, 81.3) 70 (64.5, 79)
  1. Data are shown as median and quartiles. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, LDL-c LDL cholesterol, HDL-c HDL cholesterol