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Table 3 Univariate analysis for association of clinical and biochemical parameters with diabetic foot syndrome (N = 620)

From: Community based study to assess the prevalence of diabetic foot syndrome and associated risk factors among people with diabetes mellitus

Variables Diabetic foot syndrome Unadjusted OR
95% CI
P value
Absent
(n = 299)
n (%)
Present
(n = 321)
n (%)
Duration of DM
 0–5 years 168 (56.2) 95 (29.5) 1 < 0.001
 6–10 years 72 (24.1) 100 (31.2) 2.45 (1.65–3.64)
  > 10 years 59 (19.7) 126 (39.3) 3.77 (2.53–5.62)
Family h/o DM 169 (56.5) 161 (50.2) 0.77 (0.56–1.06) 0.112
Co-morbidities
 Hypertension 187 (62.5) 213 (66.4) 1.18 (0.85–1.64) 0.321
 Ischemic heart disease 29 (9.7) 49 (15.3) 1.67 (1.02–2.73) 0.037
 Hypercholesterolemia 56 (18.7) 52 (16.2) 0.89 (0.55–1.27) 0.407
BMI (kg/m2)
 Underweight (<  18.5) 11 (3.7) 13 (4.1) 1 0.736
 Normal (18.5–24.9) 141 (47.1) 157 (49.1) 0.94 (0.41–2.18)
 Overweight (25–29.9) 111 (37.1) 106 (33.1) 0.80 (0.34–1.88)
 Obese (≥ 30) 36 (12.1) 44 (13.8) 1.03 (0.41–2.58)
Waist circumference (cm)
 Normal 72 (24.1) 96 (29.9) 1 0.103
 High (Males > 90; Female > 80) 227 (75.9) 225 (70.1) 0.74 (0.52–1.06)
Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Normal 136 (45.5) 147 (45.8) 1 0.938
 High (BP ≥ 140/90) 163 (54.5) 174 (54.2) 0.98 (0.72–1.35)
HbA1c (mean + SD)a
(n = 146)
7.7 ± 1.8 7.8 ± 1.8   0.086
  1. aUnpaired t-test
  2. p < 0.05 is considered to be statistically significant