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Table 2 Univariate analysis for association of socio-demographic and lifestyle factors with diabetic foot syndrome (n = 620)

From: Community based study to assess the prevalence of diabetic foot syndrome and associated risk factors among people with diabetes mellitus

Variables Diabetic foot syndrome Unadjusted OR
95% CI
P value
Absent
(n = 299)
n (%)
Present
(n = 321)
n (%)
Gender
 Male 116 (38.8) 148 (46.1) 1.35 (0.98–1.85) 0.066
 Female 183 (61.2) 173 (53.9) 1
Age in years
  < 50 years 64 (21.4) 18 (5.6) 1 < 0.001
 51–60 years 96 (32.1) 62 (19.3) 2.29 (1.24–4.23)
 61–70 years 105 (35.1) 130 (40.5) 4.40 (2.45–7.88)
  > 70 years 34 (11.4) 111 (34.6) 11.60 (6.06–22.21)
Socio-economic status
 Low 69 (23.1) 105 (32.7) 1 0.028
 Middle 225 (75.2) 211 (65.7) 0.61 (0.43–0.88)
 High 5 (1.7) 5 (1.6) 0.65 (0.18–2.35)
Literacy
 Illiterate 36 (12.0) 52 (16.2) 2.09 (1.15–3.78) 0.018
 Primary 31 (10.4) 51 (15.9) 2.38 (1.29–4.37)
 High school 177 (59.2) 180 (56.1) 1.47 (0.92–2.38)
 PUC and above 55 (18.4) 38 (11.8) 1
Occupation
 Professional/White collared 29 (9.7) 29 (8.7) 1 < 0.001
 Skilled/Semiskilled 55 (18.4) 57 (17.8) 1.07 (0.56–2.03)
 Unskilled 13 (4.3) 21 (6.5) 1.67 (0.70–3.97)
 Housewife 152 (50.9) 139 (43.3) 0.94 (0.53–1.67)
 Unemployed 17 (5.7) 50 (15.6) 3.04 (1.42–6.49)
 Retired 33 (11.0) 26 (8.1) 0.81 (0.39–1.69)
Habits
 Smoking 16 (5.4) 24 (7.5) 1.42 (0.74–2.74) 0.284
 Smokeless tobacco use 48 (16.1) 83 (25.9) 1.82 (1.22–2.71) 0.003
 Alcohol use 49 (16.4) 63 (19.6) 1.24 (0.82–1.88) 0.295
Physical Activity
 Sedentary 116 (38.8) 200 (62.3) 2.29 (0.77–6.78) < 0.001
 Light 175 (58.5) 115 (35.8) 0.87 (0.29–2.59)
 Moderate 8 (2.7) 6 (1.9) 1
  1. p < 0.05 is considered to be statistically significant