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Table 3 Risk factors for metabolic syndrome odds ratio (95% CI) assessment with sex and gender and multivariate adjustment

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Saudi Arabia - a cross sectional study

Number of components factors Unadjusted
OR (95% CI)
Age and sex Adjusted OR (95% CI) Multivariate
OR (95% CI)
Age ≥ 45 years 4.4(4.0-4.8) 3.9(3.4-4.5)
Male gender 1.5(1.39-1.60) 2.0(1.8-2.3)
Smoking 1.6(1.4-1.8) 1.2(1.0-1.4) 1.4(1.1-1.6)
High monthly income 1.1(1.0-1.2) 1.2(1.1-1.3) 1.1(1.0-1.2)
Low educational level 1.5(1.4-1.7) 1.1(1.0-1.2) 1.3(1.1-1.5)
Urban residency 1.0(1.0-1.1) 1.2(1.0-1.2) 1.1(1.0-1.3)
Body mass index 1.6(1.1-1.2) 1.1 (1.13-1.15) 1.2(1.1-1.2)
Family history of diabetes mellitus 1.0(1.0-1.1) 1.3(1.2-1.4) 1.0(0.9-1.1)
Family history of hypertension 1.0(1.0-1.1) 1.3(1.2-1.4) 1.2(1.1-1.4)
  1. OR; odds ratio, CI; confidence interval. Adjustement was performed for all factors listed in the table