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Table 2 Subject characteristics after matching by propensity score

From: Metabolic characteristics of individuals at a high risk of type 2 diabetes – a comparative cross-sectional study

  Non-FDR FDR p
N 73 73  
Sex male (%) 33 (45.2) 35 (47.9) 0.868
Age (years) 36.68 (7.99) 35.99 (6.82) 0.571
Weight (kg) 83.93 (14.86) 81.83 (14.71) 0.391
BMI (kg/m2) 27.22 (3.91) 26.61 (4.14) 0.356
Fat percent (%) 27.87 (9.24) 27.18 (8.69) 0.647
DI (mL/mol/min) 3.63 (3.56) 2.52 (2.77) 0.085
Waist circumference (cm) 90.37 (10.64) 92.15 (11.59) 0.343
WHR 0.85 (0.08) 0.88 (0.09) 0.060
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 77.53 (8.98) 74.68 (9.95) 0.073
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 121.19 (14.50) 115.84 (12.60) 0.019
High heredity for T2D (%) 0 (0.0) 3 (4.1) <0.001
High heredity for CHD (%) 9 (13.0) 24 (32.9) 0.012
Currently smoking (%) 7 (10.0) 8 (11.0) 0.943
Exercise >4 times per week (%) 41 (57.7) 33 (45.2) 0.275
High stress level (%) 9 (13.0) 16 (21.9) 0.235
Serum adiponectin (ng/mL) 8295.29 (3551.68) 7525.09 (3707.54) 0.242
Serum triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.91 (0.48) 1.13 (0.68) 0.038
Serum HDL (mmol/L) 1.42 (0.32) 1.47 (0.36) 0.418
Serum cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.66 (0.86) 4.68 (0.89) 0.885
Serum LDL (mmol/L) 3.78 (0.80) 2.59 (0.67) <0.001
Serum creatinine (μmol/L) 74.91 (12.45) 88.44 (15.75) <0.001
OGTT fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L) 4.74 (0.36) 4.85 (0.49) 0.123
OGTT plasma glucose 30 min (mmol/L) 7.55 (1.54) 8.15 (1.39) 0.017
OGTT plasma glucose 60 min (mmol/L) 6.90 (1.90) 7.99 (2.24) 0.002
OGTT plasma glucose 90 min (mmol/L) 5.87 (1.51) 6.97 (1.99) <0.001
OGTT plasma glucose 120 min (mmol/L) 5.56 (1.37) 6.11 (1.61) 0.032
OGTT fasting serum insulin (pmol/L) 58.77 (36.19) 57.98 (36.78) 0.906
OGTT serum insulin 30 min (pmol/L) 489.05 (336.05) 457.50 (274.58) 0.580
OGTT serum insulin 60 min (pmol/L) 454.58 (297.68) 498.54 (314.31) 0.429
OGTT serum insulin 90 min (pmol/L) 336.85 (257.46) 461.19 (371.26) 0.030
OGTT serum insulin 120 min (pmol/L) 305.38 (267.73) 401.78 (380.42) 0.103
HOMA-β (%) 150.53 (81.27) 132.58 (72.04) 0.209
IGI (pmol/mmol) 194.70 (250.13) 135.21 (103.17) 0.111
M-value (GIR/kg/min: g/kg/min) 11.94 (4.49) 11.87 (3.89) 0.927
M/I 0.02 (0.01) 0.02 (0.01) 0.816
OGTT insulin AUC (pmol/L/120 min 44,235.77 (28,021.78) 50,099.93 (30,732.69) 0.284
OGTT glucose AUC (mmol/L/120 min 763.75 (149.28) 857.29 (172.61) 0.001
HOMA-IR 12.58 (8.36) 12.81 (8.67) 0.879
  1. Data are, for categorical variables, given as frequencies (percentage) and for continuous variables as mean (standard deviation). P-values have been obtained as explained in the method section. FDR first-degree relatives, WHR waist-hip ratio, T2D type 2 diabetes, CHD coronary heart disease, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HOMA-β homeostasis assessment model-beta, IGI insulinogenic index, DI disposition index, M and M/I insulin resistance level, GIR glucose infusion rate