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Table 5 Comparison of metabolic syndrome component prevalence in different BMI categories

From: Metabolic syndrome and its predictors in an urban population in Kenya: A cross sectional study

Variable Categories BMI < 25.00 (n = 242) No. (%) BMI ≥ 25.00 (n = 286) No. (%) p-value
WC (cm) <94 (M) OR <80 (F) 188 (77.7%) 46 (16.1%) 0.000
  ≥94 (M) OR ≥80 (F) 54 (22.3%) 240 (83.9%)  
TGs (mmol/L) <1.7 223 (92.1%) 214 (74.8%) 0.000
  ≥1.7 19 (7.9%) 72 (25.2%)  
HDL-C (mmol/L) ≥1(M) OR ≥1.3 (F) 157 (64.9%) 147 (51.4%) 0.002
  <1(M) OR <1.3 (F) 85 (35.1%) 139 (48.6%)  
BP (mmHg) SBP < 130 OR DBP < 85 152 (62.8%) 135 (47.2%) 0.000
  SBP ≥ 130 OR DBP ≥ 85 90 (37.2%) 151 (52.8%)  
FPG (mmol/L) <5.6 230 (95.0%) 215 (75.2%) 0.000
  ≥5.6 12 (5.0%) 71 (24.8%)  
  1. Abbreviations BMI Body Mass Index, BP Blood pressure, DBP Diastolic BP, FPG Fasting plasma glucose, F Female, HDL-C High density lipoprotein cholesterol, M Male, SBP Systolic BP, TGs Triglycerides, WC Waist circumference