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Table 4 Gender comparison of metabolic syndrome component prevalence

From: Metabolic syndrome and its predictors in an urban population in Kenya: A cross sectional study

Variable Categories Male (n = 255) No. (%) Female (n = 273) No. (%) p-value
BMI (kg/m2) <25.00 132 (51.8%) 110 (40.3%) 0.001
25.00–29.99 95 (37.3%) 103 (37.7%)  
30.00–39.99 28 (11.0%) 60 (22.0%)  
WC (cm) <94 (M) OR <80 (F) 157 (61.6%) 77 (28.2%) 0.000
≥94 (M) OR ≥80 (F) 98 (38.4%) 196 (71.8%)  
TGs (mmol/L) <1.7 194 (76.1%) 243 (89.0%) 0.000
≥1.7 61 (23.9%) 30 (11.0%)  
HDL-C (mmol/L) ≥1(M) OR ≥1.3 (F) 179 (70.2%) 125 (45.8%) 0.000
<1(M) OR <1.3 (F) 76 (29.8%) 148 (54.2%)  
BP (mmHg) SBP < 130 OR DBP < 85 119 (46.7%) 168 (61.5%) 0.001
SBP ≥ 130 OR DBP ≥ 85 136 (53.3%) 105 (38.5%)  
FPG (mmol/L) <5.6 212 (83.1%) 233 (85.3%) 0.486
≥5.6 43 (16.9%) 40 (14.7%)  
10 year CVD risk (%) ≤10% 228 (89.4%) 273 (100.0%) 0.000
>10% 27 (10.6%) 0 (0.0%)  
  1. Abbreviations BMI Body Mass Index, BP Blood pressure, CVD Cardiovascular disease, DBP Diastolic BP, FPG Fasting plasma glucose, F Female, HDL-C High density lipoprotein cholesterol, M Male, SBP Systolic BP, TGs Triglycerides, WC Waist circumference