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Table 2 Prevalence of complication and poor glycemic control among diabetic patients by socio-demographic and clinical factors, 2014–2015

From: Age differences in diabetes-related complications and glycemic control

Characteristics Complications N (%) P values Poor glycemic control N (%) P value
Sex
 Male 87 (42.0) 0.013 113 (64.2) 0.699
 Female 255 (52.4) 262 (62.5)
Age group
  ≤ 49 59 (37.3) 0.001 88 (70.4) 0.118
 50–59 146 (49.3) 156 (59.5)
 60+ 137 (57.1) 131 (63.0)
Education
 Illiterate 159 (53.7) 0.010 177 (69.7) 0.003
 Primary school 117 (50.9) 109 (54.2)
 Secondary school & higher 66 (39.3) 89 (63.6)
Income
 Low (<1000,000 Tomansa) 223 (50.2) 0.775 255 (70.2) <0.001
 Acceptable 99 (49.0) 92 (46.5)
Duration of disease
  ≤ 3 years 36 (26.7) <0.001 65 (61.3) 0.003
 4–7 66 (41.0) 72 (51.8)
  > 7 years 240 (60.6) 238 (68.0)
Total Cholesterol
 Desirable 287 (51) 0.572 314 (60.4) <0.001
  ≥ 240 20 (46.5) 36 (90.0)
Smoking
 Yes 23 (39.0) 0.091 35 (62.5) 0.386
 No 318 (50.5) 340 (68.6)
BMI
  < 25 50 (41.7) 0.067 64 (62.1) 0.273
 25–29.9 120 (46.0) 153 (68.0)
  ≥ 30 144 (53.3) 141 (61.0)
Hypertension
 Controlled 139 (49.1) 0.963 138 (55) 0.002
 Uncontrolled (≥140/90) 184 (48.9) 217 (67.6)
LDL
 Desirable 114 (54.0) 0.082 92 (47.9) <0.001
  ≥ 100 60 (44.4) 85 (69.7)
  1. a1 US $ = 3200 Tomans