# Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression analyses findings of factors associated with adherence to medications among T2DM patients JUTH, 2014

Variable Adherence to medications, n (%) Low versus High Medium versus High
Low (n = 77) Medium (n = 117) High (n = 115) COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI) COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Sex Male 52 (67.5) 70 (59.8) 67 (58.3) 1.5 (0.8, 2.7) 1.5 (0.6, 3.8) 1.1 (0.6, 1.8) 1.5 (0.7, 3.4)
Female 25 (32.5) 47 (40.2) 48 (41.7) 1 1 1 1
Age <40 years 3 (4.1) 7 (6.4) 2 (1.9) 1.8 (0.3, 11.7) - 4.6 (0.9, 23.9) -
40-60 years 42 (57.5) 77 (70) 69 (65.7) 0.7 (0.4, 1.4) - 1.5 (0.8, 2.7) -
>60 years
Missing
28 (38.4)
4
26 (23.6)
7
34 (32.4)
10
1 - 1 -
Marital status Married 66 (85.7) 95 (81.2) 90 (78.3) 1.7 (0.6, 4.3) - 1.2 (0.6, 2.6) -
Single 4 (5.2) 8 (6.8) 9 (7.8) 1.02 (0.2, 4.4) - 1.02 (0.3, 3.4) -
Widow/er 7 (9.1) 14 (12) 16 (13.9) 1 - 1 -
Level of Education Illiterate 29 (37.7) 47 (40.2) 33 (28.7) 1.9 (0.9, 4.1) 2.03 (0.6, 6.8) 1.9 (0.9, 3.6) 1.01 (0.4, 2.9)
Primary 30 (39) 40 (34.2) 42 (36.5) 1.6 (0.8, 3.3) 1.3 (0.5, 3.8) 1.3 (0.7, 3.3) 0.7 (0.3, 1.7)
20 and above 18 (23.3) 30 (25.6) 40 (34.8) 1 1 1 1
Occupation Employed 20 (26) 25 (21.4) 27 (23.5) 2.3 (0.8, 6.5) 2.9 (0.9, 9.7) 2.9 (1.06, 7.9)* 3.1 (1.01, 9.7)*
Unemployed 15 (19.5) 33 (28.2) 30 (26.1) 1.6 (0.6, 4.5) 2.7 (0.7, 10.8) 3.5 (1.3, 9.3)* 8.2 (2.2, 30.4)*
Merchant 13 (16.9) 9 (7.7) 7 (6.1) 5.8 (1.7, 20.4)* 6.8 (1.6, 28.8)* 4 (1.09, 14.9)* 5.3 (1.2, 22.8)*
Farmer 22 (28.6) 43 (36.7) 29 (25.2) 2.4 (0.9, 6.6) 1.6 (0.4, 5.8) 4.7 (1.8, 12.3)* 3.8 (1.1, 12.8)*
Daily labor 7 (9) 7 (6) 22 (19.1) 1 1 1 1
Family/social support Yes 46 (59.7) 69 (59) 60 (52.2) 1.4 (0.8, 2.4) - 1.3 (0.8, 2.2) -
No 31 (40.3) 48 (41) 55 (47.8) 1 - 1 -
DM Family history Yes 18 (23.4) 34 (29.1) 24 (20.9) 1.2 (0.6, 2.3) 1.1 (0.5, 2.6) 1.6 (0.9, 2.8) 1.6 (0.8, 3.2)
No 59 (76.6) 83 (70.9) 91 (79.1) 1 1 1 1
Glucometer at home Yes 8 (10.4) 13 (11.1) 9 (7.8) 1.4 (0.5, 3.7) - 1.4 (0.6, 3.6) -
No 69 (89.6) 104 (88.9) 106 (92.2) 1 - 1 -
Cigarette smoking Yes 10 (13) 4 (3.4) 8 (7) 1.9 (0.8, 5.3) 2.3 (0.6, 8.6) 0.5 (0.1, 1.6) 0.4 (0.1, 1.6)
No 67 (87) 113 (96.6) 107 (93) 1 1 1 1
Alcohol drinking Yes
No
8 (10.4)
69 (89.6)
5 (4.3)
112 (95.7)
4 (3.5)
111 (96.5)
3.2 (0.9, 11.1)
1
2.1 (0.5, 9.2)
1
1.2 (0.3, 4.7)
1
1.8 (0.4, 7.9)
1
Khat chewing status Yes 18 (23.4) 38 (32.5) 21 (18.3) 1.4 (0.7, 2.8) 0.8 (0.4, 2.1) 2.2 (1.2, 3.9)* 1.9 (0.9, 3.9)
No 59 (76.6) 79 (67.5) 94 (81.7) 1 1 1 1
BMI in Kg/m2 <18 7 (9.1) 6 (5.1) 4 (3.5) 5.6 (1.2, 27.4)* 4.9 (0.8, 31) 3 (0.7, 13.8) 2.9 (0.6, 16.3)
18-25 46 (59.7) 69 (59) 46 (40) 3.2 (1.1, 9.5)* 2.6 (0.7, 9.1) 3 (1.2, 7.6)* 3.4 (1.2, 9.9)*
25-30 19 (24.7) 34 (29.1) 49 (42.6) 1.2 (0.4, 3.9) 1.3 (0.3, 4.6) 1.4 (0.5, 3.6) 1.7 (0.6, 4.9)
> = 30 5 (6.5) 8 (6.8) 16 (13.9) 1 1 1 1
Knowledge High
Medium
27 (35.1)
7 (9.1)
40 (34.2)
21 (17.9)
41 (35.7)
34 (29.6)
1.6 (0.9, 3.1)
0.3 (0.1, 0.8)*
1.1 (0.5, 2.4)
0.2 (0.1, 0.6)*
1.4 (0.8, 2.6)
0.6 (0.3, 1.3)
1.4 (0.7, 2.9)
0.5 (0.2, 1.2)
Self-care Low 43 (55.8) 56 (47.9) 40 (34.8) 1 1 1 1
Good 28 (36.4) 68 (58.1) 62 (53.9) 0.5 (0.3, 0.9)* 0.7 (0.3, 1.3) 1.2 (0.7, 1.9) 1.7 (0.9, 3.1)
Poor 49 (63.6) 49 (41.9) 53 (46.1) 1 1 1 1
Duration of DM in year <5 43 (55.8) 54 (46.2) 48 (41.7) 1.7 (0.8, 3.7) 2.1 (0.8, 5.6) 1.2 (0.6, 2.5) 1.02 (0.4, 2.4)
5-10 21 (27.3) 41 (35) 43 (37.4) 0.9 (0.4, 2.2) 0.9 (0.4, 2.5) 1.04 (0.5, 2.1) 1.01 (0.4, 2.3)
>10 13 (16.9) 22 (18.8) 24 (20.9) 1 1 1 1
Glycemic control level Good 64 (83.1) 92 (78.6) 63 (54.8) 4.1 (2.02, 8.2)* 3.3 (1.5, 7.2)* 3.04 (1.7, 5.4)* 2.8 (1.5, 5.3)*
Poor 13 (16.9) 25 (21.4) 52 (45.2) 1 1 1 1
1. T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, JUTH Jimma University Teaching Hospital, COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio
2. *Statistically significant at P-value < = 0.05