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Table 2 Baseline clinical characteristics of 4,341 patients enrolled in MOSAIc study, as recorded in the patient medical record

From: Geographic patterns in patient demographics and insulin use in 18 countries, a global perspective from the multinational observational study assessing insulin use: understanding the challenges associated with progression of therapy (MOSAIc)

  All patients N = 4,341 China N = 373 Germany N = 149 India N = 918 Mexico N = 206 Russia N = 240 Saudi Arabia N = 226 USA N = 540
  N (%) or mean ± SD
Diabetes duration, in years 12 ± 8 11 ± 7 14 ± 8 12 ± 8 13 ± 9 10 ± 7 11 ± 7 13 ± 8
Physician’s HbA1c goal for the patient (%) 6.9 ± 0.6 6.6 ± 0.9 6.9 ± 0.5 6.9 ± 0.5 6.7 ± 0.7 6.7 ± 0.5 7.2 ± 0.4 6.8 ± 0.5
Physician’s HbA1c goal for the patient (mmol/mol) 52 ± 7 49 ± 10 52 ± 6 52 ± 6 50 ± 8 50 ± 6 55 ± 4 51 ± 6
Laboratory values         
 HbA1c level (%) 8.2 ± 1.8 7.6 ± 1.8 7.5 ± 1.4 8.6 ± 1.7 8.6 ± 2.2 7.7 ± 1.3 9.0 ± 2.2 8.0 ± 1.6
 HbA1c level (mmol/mol) 66 ± 20 60 ± 20 58 ± 15 70 ± 19 70 ± 24 61 ± 14 75 ± 24 64 ± 18
Biometric measurements         
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 132.4 ± 16.2 130.2 ± 15.7 137.9 ± 17.1 131.2 ± 14.5 130.5 ± 17.5 136.3 ± 11.9 134.5 ± 13.3 132.0 ± 18.4
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 30 ± 6 25 ± 3 30 ± 5 27 ± 5 28 ± 5 32 ± 5 32 ± 6 34 ± 8
Diabetes-related complications         
 Amputation 50 (1) 0 (0) 3 (2) 4 (0) 4 (2) 3 (1) 2 (1) 10 (2)
 Gastroparesis 111 (3) 11 (3) 2 (1) 7 (1) 3 (2) 18 (8) 24 (11) 13 (2)
 Nephropathy 720 (17) 70 (19) 37 (25) 75 (8) 17 (8) 60 (25) 51 (23) 105 (19)
 Neuropathy 1280 (29) 118 (32) 57 (38) 224 (24) 50 (24) 155 (65) 90 (40) 216 (40)
 Retinopathy 1026 (24) 85 (23) 22 (15) 143 (16) 32 (15) 117 (49) 120 (53) 79 (15)
Diagnostic history of:         
 Coronary artery disease 808 (19) 75 (20) 30 (20) 105 (11) 3 (2) 132 (55) 59 (26) 140 (26)
 Congestive heart failure 244 (6) 21 (6) 19 (13) 19 (2) 3 (1) 81 (34) 5 (2) 34 (6)
 Depression 401 (9) 13 (4) 13 (9) 22 (2) 27 (13) 16 (7) 9 (4) 122 (23)
 Hypertension 3045 (70) 199 (53) 134 (90) 630 (69) 114 (55) 208 (87) 143 (63) 465 (86)
 Hyperlipidemia 2562 (59) 204 (55) 97 (65) 392 (43) 89 (43) 144 (60) 155 (69) 444 (82)
 Myocardial infarction 284 (7) 7 (2) 10 (7) 21 (2) 5 (3) 47 (20) 18 (8) 46 (8)
 Stroke 157 (4) 18 (5) 10 (7) 11 (1) 1 (0) 14 (6) 4 (2) 32 (6)