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Table 1 Causes of death for diabetics in Songjiang District 2002–2012

From: Mortality rates and the causes of death related to diabetes mellitus in Shanghai Songjiang District: an 11-year retrospective analysis of death certificates

  Total no. (%) Male Female P value
All causes 2654 (100) 1269 (100) 1385 (100) -
Diabetes as the underlying cause 762 (28.7) 323 (25.5) 439 (31.7) <0.01
 Type 1 diabetes (E10) 15 (0.6) 7 (0.6) 8 (0.6) 0.93
 Type 2 diabetes (E11) 306 (11.5) 134 (10.6) 172 (12.4) 0.13
 Unspecified diabetes (E14) 441 (16.6) 182 (14.3) 259 (18.7) <0.01
Infections (A00-B99) 68 (2.6) 32 (2.5) 36 (2.6) 0.90
Neoplasms (C00-D48) 612 (23.1) 339 (26.7) 273 (19.7) <0.01
Mental and behavioural disorders (F00-F99) 9 (0.3) 4 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 1.00
Neuropathies (G00-G99) 15 (0.6) 8 (0.6) 7 (0.5) 0.67
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) (I00-I99)a 793 (29.9) 362 (28.5) 431 (31.1) 0.15
 Hypertension (I10-I15) 25 (0.9) 17 (1.3) 8 (0.6) 0.04
 Ischaemic heart diseases (I20-I25) 232 (8.7) 112 (8.8) 120 (8.7) 0.88
 Cerebrovascular diseases (I60-I69) 522 (19.7) 226 (17.8) 296 (21.4) 0.02
 Other CVDsa 14 (0.5) 7 (0.6) 7 (0.5) 0.86
Respiratory diseases (J00-J99) 178 (6.7) 113 (8.9) 65 (4.7) <0.01
Diseases of the digestive system (K25-K93) 63 (2.4) 33 (2.6) 30 (2.2) 0.46
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00-M99) 14 (0.5) 4 (0.3) 10 (0.7) 0.18
Nephropathy (N00-N19) 16 (0.6) 8 (0.6) 8 (0.6) 0.86
Other disorders of the genitourinary system (N20-N99) 6 (0.2) 4 (0.3) 2 (0.1) 0.43
External causes (V01-Y98) 111 (4.2) 38 (3.0) 73 (5.3) <0.01
Othersa 7 (0.3) 1 (0.1) 6 (0.4) 0.13
  1. Data are shown as frequencies and percentages
  2. Chi-square test, unless otherwise stated
  3. Fisher’s exact test
  4. aThe ICD-10 code I46 is not included in CVD category but in the category of others, since it is not a cause of death referring to CVD