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Table 1 Demographic and laboratory data of the patient and control groups

From: Relationship between neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and insulin resistance in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients

Variable Diabetes patients w/o IR Diabetes patients w/ IR Healthy subjects P value
(n = 103) (n = 310) (n = 130)
Age (years) 63.55 ± 4.60 64.24 ± 4.66 64.39 ± 6.17 0.402
Gendera     0.924
Male 25 (24.3) 74 (23.9) 29 (22.3)  
Female 78 (75.7) 236 (76.1) 101 (77.7)  
BMI (kg/m2) 23.65 ± 3.66 24.20 ± 3.86 23.76 ± 3.53 0.333
Smokinga 11 (10.7) 39 (12.7) 45 (11.5) 0.857
Cr (μmol/L) 78.56 ± 20.12 78.80 ± 17.79 77.15 ± 18.32 0.571
TG (mmol/L) 1.61 ± 0.93 2.16 ± 1.53 1.72 ± 1.53 <0.001
TC (mmol/L) 5.32 ± 1.10 6.00 ± 6.31 5.57 ± 1.42 0.413
HDL (mmol/L) 1.37 ± 0.22 1.42 ± 0.33 1.44 ± 0.83 0.527
LDL (mmol/L) 2.92 ± 0.80 3.15 ± 0.90 3.09 ± 0.91 0.083
Fins (mmol/L) 4.97 ± 1.87 14.25 ± 10.72 8.21 ± 6.23 <0.001
FPG (mmol/L) 6.55 ± 2.09 8.84 ± 3.97 5.25 ± 2.26 <0.001
HbA1c (mmol/L) 7.25 ± 1.84 8.02 ± 2.29 5.99 ± 1.49 <0.001
Microalbuminuria 17.67 ± 24.98 25.58 ± 35.73 19.00 ± 23.91 0.030
IR 1.35 ± 0.41 5.32 ± 4.95 1.87 ± 1.70 <0.001
NLR 1.71 ± 0.50 2.37 ± 0.61 1.42 ± 0.30 <0.001
Neutrophil 3.53 ± 1.33 4.17 ± 3.56 2.76 ± 0.94 <0.001
Lymphocyte 2.12 ± 0.68 1.81 ± 1.15 2.21 ± 0.35 <0.001
WBC 5.72 ± 1.54 6.20 ± 1.62 5.19 ± 1.16 <0.001
  1. All parameters were expressed as mean ± SD (minimum–maximum) values unless otherwise stated. P < 0.05 was accepted as the level of significance.
  2. aData were expressed as number (%).
  3. BMI, body mass index; Cr, creatinine; TG, triglycerides; TC, Total cholesterol; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.