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Table 5 Comparisons of body composition between quartiles of evening cortisol in men and women.

From: Salivary cortisol differs with age and sex and shows inverse associations with WHR in Swedish women: a cross-sectional study

  WHR Waist circumference
  n m sd p n m sd p
Women         
Adjusted for age         
qrtl 1 evening cortisol 182 0.830 0.081 ref. 182 85.03 13.60 ref.
qrtl 2 evening cortisol 332 0.830 0.073 0.992 332 84.80 13.54 0.851
qrtl 3 evening cortisol 169 0.839 0.078 0.252 169 86.13 13.56 0.451
qrtl 4 evening cortisol 155 0.837 0.075 0.392 155 85.78 13.61 0.617
Test for linearity:         
between quartiles     0.209     0.402
continuously     0.288     0.695
Men         
Adjusted for age         
qrtl 1 evening cortisol 206 0.944 0.057 ref. 206 95.43 10.08 ref.
qrtl 2 evening cortisol 320 0.943 0.054 0.874 320 94.19 9.96 0.167
qrtl 3 evening cortisol 154 0.942 0.062 0.838 154 93.63 10.00 0.095
qrtl 4 evening cortisol 153 0.944 0.062 0.990 153 94.66 10.03 0.478
Test for linearity:         
between quartiles     0.986     0.382
continuously     0.933     0.500
  1. Differences between quartiles (qrtl) of evening cortisol were examined by GLM (general linear model), using quartile 1 as reference.