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Table 4 One-way ANOVA (Bonferroni) analysis of the Se levels

From: The role of selenium, vitamin C, and zinc in benign thyroid diseases and of selenium in malignant thyroid diseases: Low selenium levels are found in subacute and silent thyroiditis and in papillary and follicular carcinoma

  n mean S.D. SEM 95% confidence interval minimum maximum p-value vs controls
      low high    
Controls 554 90,49 20,85 0,89 88,75 92,23 47,34 187,20  
Ski jumpers 24 83,17 26,51 5,41 71,97 94,36 51,30 136,00 1
Ski runners 109 86,59 21,04 2,02 82,60 90,59 45,82 165,00 1
Children hypothyroidism 47 81,98 22,53 3,29 75,36 88,59 41,30 131,00 1
Children Hashimoto 28 77,40 23,54 4,45 68,27 86,53 40,50 119,30 0,308
Children hyperthyroidism 4 65,95 13,99 6,99 43,69 88,21 53,40 81,00 1
Children polyendocrinopathy 6 66,93 20,92 8,54 44,98 88,89 43,70 96,20 1
Thyroid normal adults 283 81,06 21,62 1,29 78,53 83,59 30,10 172,80 < 0,001
Thyroid immunogenic adults 131 81,98 24,82 2,17 77,69 86,27 28,50 163,00 0,009
Subacute thyroiditis adults 25 66,35 23,13 4,63 56,81 75,90 31,30 119,40 < 0,001
Silent thyroiditis adults 26 59,28 20,13 3,95 51,15 67,42 20,70 96,90 < 0,001
anaplastic Ca 3 95,00 13,25 7,65 62,08 127,92 87,35 110,30 1
follicular Ca 42 76,89 21,16 3,26 70,30 83,49 47,38 124,00 0,015
foll papillary Ca 11 68,85 18,57 5,60 56,37 81,33 46,84 96,77 0,176
giant cell papillary Ca 10 83,69 26,88 8,50 64,46 102,91 51,10 113,40 1
invasive Ca 8 74,80 18,28 6,46 59,51 90,08 60,68 103,10 1
microcarcinoma 4 68,10 9,54 4,77 52,91 83,28 59,83 76,36 1
papillary Ca 73 80,40 19,87 2,33 75,77 85,04 50,72 121,80 0,031
unclassified Ca 13 75,91 20,72 5,75 63,38 88,43 47,38 110,30 1
All 1401 84,20 22,50 0,60 83,02 85,38 20,70 187,20