Skip to main content

Table 2 Age- and gender-specific mean and median values for autonomic function tests in 276 healthy participants.

From: Cardiovascular autonomic function tests in an African population

Variable Category Resting HR (bpm) HR variation to deep breathing (bpm) HR response to standing (bpm) Postural change in SBP (mmHg) Postural change in DBP (mmHg)
   Mean (SD)
Median (range)
Age groups (years) 20–29
(n = 71)
67 (11)
65 (50.101)
23 (7)
23 (8.41)
26 (8)
26 (5.48)
-3 (7)
-3 (-26.12)
8 (7)
9 (-8.23)
  30–39
(n = 72)
66 (13)
63 (40.107)
19 (6)
19 (335)
24 (9)
25 (9.48)
-3 (7)
-3 (-20.19)
9 (7)
10 (-8.25)
  40–49
(n = 65)
66 (12)
63 (44.104)
18 (6)
17 (7.36)
24 (9)
23 (6.41)
-2 (7)
-1 (-17.15)
10 (6)
10 (-4.27)
  50–59
(n = 39)
70 (13)
69 (52.98)
15 (5)
15 (4.26)
22 (7)
21 (11.37)
-4 (8)
-3 (-25.14)
9 (7)
10 (-7.22)
  60+
(n = 29)
71 (13)
69 (50.108)
15 (6)
14 (6.33)
19 (8)
16 (10.42)
-6 (11)
-7 (-29.18)
7 (7)
7 (-9.23)
p (Kruskal-Wallis test)   0.190 < 0.001 0.001 0.116 0.225
Gender Men
(n = 156)
65 (12)
63 (40.108)
20 (7)
20 (4.41)
24 (8)
24 (9.48)
-3 (8)
-3 (-29.17)
10 (7)
11 (-8.23)
  Women
(n = 120)
70 (13)
68 (49.107)
18 (6)
17 (3.36)
23 (9)
22 (6.48)
-4(8)
-3 (-27.19)
7 (7)
8 (-8.23)
p (Mann-Whitney U-test)   0.001 0.033 0.244 0.187 0.001
All ages (n = 276)   67 (13)
65 (40,108)
19 (7)
18 (3.41)
24 (9)
23 (6.48)
-3 (8)
-3 (-29.19)
9 (7)
9 (-9.27)