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Table 1 Blood pressure and heart rate at rest by gender, age, and ethnic affiliation in 276 healthy participants.

From: Cardiovascular autonomic function tests in an African population

  Category SBP (mmHg) DBP (mmHg) HR (bpm)
   Mean (SD)
Median (range)
Gender Male (n = 156) 125 (12)
125 (95–158)
76 (7)
77 (56–94)
65 (12)
63 (40–108)
  Female (n = 120) 118 (12)
117 (95–158)
74 (8)
75 (56–94)
70 (13)
68 (49–107)
  p (Mann-Whitney) <0.001 0.038 0.001
Age groups 20–29 years
(n = 71)
125 (12)
123 (102–152)
74 (7)
73 (56–87)
67 (11)
65 (50–101)
  30–39 years
(n = 72)
123 (11)
123 (99–158)
76 (7)
77 (58–88)
66 (13)
63 (40–107)
  40–49 years
(n = 65)
119 (11)
117 (98–151)
74 (7)
75 (57–89)
65 (12)
63 (44–104)
  50–59 years
(n = 39)
119 (14)
119 (95–156)
76 (9)
78 (56–94)
70 (12)
69 (52–98)
  60+ years
(n = 29)
125 (17)
124 (95–158)
76 (9)
76 (58–94)
71 (16)
69 (50–108)
  p (Kruskal-Wallis) 0.039 0.074 0.190
Ethnic affiliation South Cushitic
(n = 189)
121 (12)
120 (95–158)
74 (7)
75 (56–94)
67 (13)
65 (40–108)
  Nilotic
(n = 43)
119 (12)
119 (99–150)
74 (8)
74 (57–87)
68 (13)
65 (50–104)
  Bantoid
(n = 41)
131 (13)
129 (110–158)
79 (7)
79 (64–94)
67 (13)
65 (44–107)
  Other
(n = 3)
129 (14)
127 (116–144)
72 (16)
72 (57–88)
66 (12)
60 (58–79)
  p (Kruskal-Wallis) < 0.001 0.011 0.989