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Table 4 Radiographic measurements

From: Prediction of peak pressure from clinical and radiological measurements in patients with diabetes

  PNP- PNP+
Lateral radiograph Mean SD Min-Max Mean SD Min-Max
Sesamoid height (mm) 4.6 2.35 0.5–14 4.2 2.63 0–15
MT-5 head height (mm) 8.3 2.21 3.5–18 7.7 2.23 2–13.5
*MT-5 base height (mm) 15.4 3.91 4–26 14.1 4.50 5–24
**Navicular height (mm) 40.8 8.66 10–60 37.1 8.78 12.5–53
Calcaneal height (mm) 9.5 2.91 3–20 9.6 3.05 3–17
**Inferior calcaneal inclination (deg) 23.4 5.18 11–36.5 20.5 5.78 3–31
superior calcaneal inclination (deg) 21.7 5.52 8.5–35 20.7 7.12 2–35.5
*Chopart's joint angle (deg) 63.3 4.43 47–75.5 61.9 4.83 46–71.5
Navicular 1st cuneiform angle (deg) 64.0 5.20 49.5–76.5 64.7 4.47 56–77.5
**Lisfranc's joint angle (deg) 63.3 4.03 52.5–74 65.3 5.09 56–86
**MT-5 inclination (deg) 12.8 3.97 3.5–23.5 11.3 3.63 1–18.5
*MT-1 inclination (deg) 23.7 3.70 11.5–33 22.1 4.23 6.5–30
**Talar inclination (deg) 25.0 4.86 12.5–43 28.0 6.22 16–49.5
*1st PIP joint inclination (deg) 10.9 4.82 -3.5–25 8.8 7.01 -14–31.5
Anterior-posterior radiograph Mean SD Min-Max Mean SD Min-Max
*Hallux valgus (deg) 14.3 5.22 4–29 16.7 10.96 1.5–56.5
Intermetatarsal 1–5 angle (deg) 26.1 3.25 19–36.5 25.4 5.65 9.5–41
Intermetatarsal 1–2 angle (deg) 10.9 2.66 6–25 10.4 3.40 5–22
MTP-1 angle (deg) 14.3 5.22 4–29 16.7 10.96 1.5–56.5
Interphalangeal 1 angle (deg) 9.7 5.06 0–23.5 10.3 5.99 -10–26
Medial sesamoid X deviation (mm) 2.3 1.97 -2.5–7 1.8 3.32 -8–8.5
Medial sesamoid Y deviation (mm) 12.3 2.45 6–21 12.2 2.40 5.5–17.5
Lateral sesamoid X deviation (mm) 9.2 1.67 3.5–16 9.7 1.90 5–13.5
Lateral sesamoid Y deviation (mm) 15.4 2.45 7.5–21.5 16.0 3.11 8–24
Morton's index (mm) 1.5 2.94 -6–6.5 1.2 3.80 -5.5–17
MT-1 thickness (mm) 13.9 1.79 10.5–19.5 14.0 1.71 11–19
*MT-2 thickness (mm) 7.3 0.85 5.5–10 7.7 1.07 6–12.5
*MT- 3 thickness (mm) 6.4 0.71 5–8 6.8 1.11 5–12
MT-1 lenght (mm) 65.2 5.04 56–83.5 66.6 4.76 55–76.5
MT- 2 lenght (mm) 77.4 4.96 67.5–95.5 78.3 5.36 64.5–88
MT- 3 lenght (mm) 75.1 4.96 64.5–93 75.9 5.74 64–90
MT-4 lenght (mm) 73.3 4.93 61–88 74.3 5.32 54–83
MT- 5 lenght (mm) 72.9 5.24 61–84.5 73.3 5.02 57–82
  1. PNP- versus PNP+ *p < 0.05 & **p < 0.005, PIP = proximal interphalangeal, deg = degree