Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Comparison between patients with and without vertebral fractures

From: Osteoporosis, vertebral fractures and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women

  Absence of VFs (N = 154) VFs grade 1 (N = 80) VFs grade 2–3 (N = 36) p
Age (yrs): mean (SD) 59.6 (7.36) 62.1 (8.4) 64.3 (8.07) <0.001
Weight (Kg): mean (SD) 75.9 (11.0) 74.8 (12.7) 75.3 (11.7) NS
Height (m): mean (SD) 1.55 (0.05) 1.56 (0.05) 1.54 (0.06) NS
BMI (Kg/m2): mean (SD) 32.4 (6.5) 32.0 (6.6) 32.6 (6.3) NS
History of traumatic fractures: n (%) 33 (21.4) 22 (27.5) 14 (38.9) 0.03
Low physical activity: n (%) 102 (66.2) 51 (63.8) 26 (72.2) NS
Low calcium intake: n (%) 73 (47.4) 36 (45.0) 18 (50.0) NS
Years since menopause (yrs): mean (SD) 10.1 (7.6) 13.1 (8.4) 13.9 (8.4) 0.003
Number of pregnancies: n (%) 5.0 (2.3) 5.7 (2.4) 5.5 (3.0) NS
Diabetes: n (%) 54 (35.1) 16 (20.0) 9 (25.0) NS
Hypertension: n (%) 51 (33.1) 26 (32.5) 17 (47.2) NS
Dyslipidemia: n (%) 36 (23.4) 22 (27.5) 7 (19.4) NS
Metabolic syndrome: n (%) 34 (22.1) 19 (23.8) 9 (25.0) NS
Waist circumference (cm): mean (SD) 103.7 (10.4) 103.9 (10.6) 103.6 (12.3) NS
Hip circumference (cm): mean (SD) 113.6 (14.3) 111.9 (10.4) 113.0 (10.7) NS
Lumbar spine BMD (g/cm2): mean (SD) 1.011 (0.16) 0.966 (0.19) 0.936 (0.12) 0.029
Lumbar spine T-score: mean (SD) −1.30 (1.1) −1.56 (1.6) −1.83 (1.0) NS
Total hip BMD (g/cm2): mean (SD) 0.943 (0.11) 0.905 (0.15) 0.881 (0.12) 0.013
Total hip T-score: mean (SD) −0.69 (0.9) −0.99 (1.2) −1.22 (1.0) 0.012
Femoral neck BMD (g/cm2): mean (SD) 0.869 (0.13) 0.831 (0.13) 0.834 (0.19) NS
Femoral neck T-score: mean (SD) −1.25 (0.9) −1.53 (1.1) −1.83 (0.8) 0.005
Osteoporosis (T-score below −2.5 any site): n (%) 44 (24.0) 32 (40.0) 14 (38.9) 0.006
  1. BMI body mass index; BMD bone mineral density; VFs vertebral fractures.