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Table 2 Comparison between patients with and without metabolic syndrome

From: Osteoporosis, vertebral fractures and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women

  Metabolic syndrome (N = 62) Absence of metabolic syndrome (N = 208) p
Age (yrs): mean (SD) 63.3 (8.4) 60.1 (7.5) 0.013
Weight (Kg): mean (SD) 79.7 (10.2) 74.2 (11.7) 0.001
Height (m): mean (SD) 1.55 (0.05) 1.55 (0.06) NS
BMI (Kg/m2): mean (SD) 33.2 (6.0) 32.0 (6.6) NS
Diabetes: n (%) 49 (79.0) 30 (14.4) 0.0001
Hypertension: n (%) 56 (90.3) 38 (18.3) 0.0001
Dyslipidemia: n (%) 40 (64.5) 26 (12.5) 0.0001
Low physical activity: mean (SD) 39 (62.9) 140 (67.3) NS
Low calcium intake: mean (SD) 30 (48.4) 97 (46.6) NS
Number of pregnancies: n (%) 6.0 (2.7) 5.0 (2.3) 0.008
Years since menopause (yrs): mean (SD) 12.6 (8.5) 11.1 (7.9) 0.002
Waist circumference (cm): mean (SD) 107.1 (9.7) 102.7 (10.8) 0.002
Hip circumference (cm): mean (SD) 117.1 (17.7) 111.7 (11.8) 0.03
History of traumatic fractures: n (%) 20 (32.3) 49 (23.6) NS
Lumbar spine (g/cm2): mean (SD) 1.025 (0.15) 0.977 (0.17) 0.038
Lumbar spine T-score: mean (SD) −1.08 (1.2) −1.57 (1.3) 0.001
Total hip BMD (g/cm2): mean (SD) 0.972 (0.13) 0.908 (0.12) 0.003
Total hip T-score: mean (SD) −0.4 (1.0) −0.9 (1.0) 0.001
Femoral neck BMD (g/cm2): mean (SD) 0.887 (0.18) 0.843 (0.12) 0.094
Femoral neck T-score: mean (SD) −1.2 (1.0) −1.4 (1.0) 0.087
Osteoporosis (T-score below −2.5 any site): n (%) 11 (17.7) 71 (34.1) 0.029
Vertebral fractures grade 2–3: n (%) 9 (14.5) 27 (13.0) NS
Spinal deformity index (SDI): mean (SD) 0.95 (1.6) 1.29 (2.4) NS