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Table 2 Characteristics of the obese (BMI ≥ 30) participants

From: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and metabolically healthy obesity in Europe: a collaborative analysis of ten large cohort studies

Country & study Estonia Finland Germany Italy The Netherlands Norway UK
  EGCUT DILGOM HeaIth2000 KORA CHRIS MICROS LifeLines PREVEND HUNT2 NCDS
Total number of participants (N) 8,930 3,685 6,022 2,987 1,117 1,060 63,995 7,216 61,199 7,306
Number with BMI ≥ 30 (%) 2,053 (23.0) 946 (25.7) 1,342 (22.3) 786 (26.3) 130 (11.6) 157 (14.8) 9,934 (15.5) 1,137 (15.8) 9,922 (16.2) 1,670 (22.9)
Gender (M (%)/F) 698 (34.0)/1,355 399 (42.2)/547 573 (42.7)/769 373 (47.5)/413 60 (46.2)/70 57 (36.3)/100 3,813 (38.4)/6,121 514 (45.2)/623 4,104 (41.4)/5,818 874 (52.3)/796
Age (yrs) 52.6 ± 14.1 57.3 ± 11.6 54.5 ± 12.8 59.6 ± 12.0 53.6 ± 12.9 54.9 ± 15.2 47.4 ± 11.7 53.5 ± 11.7 53.5 ± 15.4 44.0 ± 0
BMI (kg/m2) 34.4 ± 4.1 34.2 ± 4.1 33.6 ± 3.4 33.8 ± 3.7 33.1 ± 3.4 33.6 ± 4.5 33.6 ± 3.6 33.2 ± 3.3 33.2 ± 3.1 33.9 ± 3.8
Waist circumference (cm) 107 ± 12 110 ± 11 108 ± 10 109 ± 11 NA NA 108 ± 10 105 ± 11 101 ± 10 106 ± 10
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.52 ± 0.33 1.30 ± 0.33 1.17 ± 0.32 1.31 ± 0.31 1.54 ± 0.45 1.54 ± 0.34 1.28 ± 0.33 1.16 ± 0.34 1.24 ± 0.35 1.38 ± 0.32
Men 1.35 ± 0.28 1.15 ± 0.26 1.05 ± 0.27 1.21 ± 0.29 1.31 ± 0.32 1.36 ± 0.25 1.13 ± 0.26 1.01 ± 0.27 1.10 ± 0.29 1.30 ± 0.30
Women 1.60 ± 0.32 1.42 ± 0.33 1.26 ± 0.32 1.40 ± 0.30 1.74 ± 0.45 1.65 ± 0.34 1.38 ± 0.33 1.29 ± 0.33 1.35 ± 0.36 1.47 ± 0.31
Triglycerides (mmol/I) 2.10 ± 1.16 1.82 ± 1.01 2.02 ± 1.22 1.77 ± 1.09 1.53 ± 0.99 1.87 ± 1.27 1.54 ± 1.02 1.88 ± 1.33 2.35 ± 1.39 2.17 ± 1.63
Blood glucose (mmol/I) 4.8 ± 1.8 6.4 ± 1.3 5.9 ± 1.7 5.9 ± 1.2 5.6 ± 0.9 5.4 ± 1.5 5.4 ± 1.3 5.4 ± 1.6 5.9 ± 2.0 4.9 ± 1.1
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 136 ± 17 140 ± 19 142 ± 20 128 ± 18 128 ± 14 143 ± 22 133 ± 15 139 ± 20 146 ± 22 132 ± 16
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 84 ± 11 83 ± 11 87 ± 10 78 ± 10 83 ± 8 85 ± 11 77 ± 9 77 ± 10 85 ± 13 83 ± 10
Current smoking (%) 30.5 15.3 23.0 17.7 15.4 28.0 19.9 26.3 30.8 23.9
Number with MetS (M/F) 410/606 323/355 425/515 229/216 26/26 34/33 2,208/2,262 346/335 2,792/3,114 513/269
Number with MHO (M/F) 34/166 7/37 19/43 34/61 11/12 4/9 359/1,433 26/94 180/553 79/226