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Table 3 Association of the UPMS score with risk for newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes estimated by Cox regression: Hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) and p value (n =10,566)

From: A pattern of unspecific somatic symptoms as long-term premonitory signs of type 2 diabetes: findings from the population-based MONICA/KORA cohort study, 1984-2009

  HR P value
  (95% CI)  
Model 1: Age, sex and survey 1.03 < 0.001
  (1.01-1.04)  
Model 2: M1 + educational level and parental history of diabetes 1.02 0.001
(1.01-1.04)  
Model 3: M2 + smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity 1.02 0.02
(1.00-1.03)  
Model 4: M3 + hypertension, TC/HDL-C 1.02 0.005
  (1.01-1.04)  
Model 5: M4 + BMI 1.02 0.01
  (1.01-1.04)  
  1. HR: Hazard ratio; CI: Confidence interval; UPMS: Unspecific premonitory symptom.