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Table 1 Characteristics of the studied subjects by gender

From: Metabolic syndrome among a middle-aged population in the Red River Delta region of Vietnam

Variables Women Men P -value*
(n =1594) (n  = 849)
Age (year) 51.0 (45.4 - 56.0) 52 (48–57) < 0.0001
Height (cm) 152.2 ± 5.0 162.0 ± 5.3 < 0.0001
Weight (kg) 49.7 ± 7.0 56.1 ± 8.1 < 0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 21.4 ± 2.6 21.4 ± 2.7 0.661
Body fat (%) 30.2 ± 4.6 22.1 ± 5.4 < 0.0001
WC (cm) 73 (68–78) 76.8 (70.5 - 82.5) < 0.0001
HC (cm) 87.6 (84–91) 89 (85–92) < 0.0001
WHR† 0.83 (0.79 - 0.87) 0.86 (0.82 - 0.90) < 0.0001
SBP (mmHg) 110 (100–125) 120 (110–130) < 0.0001
DBP (mmHg) 70 (60–80) 77.5 (70–80) < 0.0001
Fasting plasma glucose 4.6 (4.0 - 5.2) 4.7 (4.2 - 5.3) 0.003
Total cholesterol 4.3 (3.9 - 4.9) 4.28 (3.9 - 4.94) 0.966
HDL-C 1.23 (0.98 - 1.59) 1.20 (0.97 - 1.61) 0.511
LDL-C 2.86 (2.37 - 3.42) 2.86 (2.35 - 3.43) 0.712
Triglycerides 1.40 (1.01 - 2.10) 1.49 (1.01 - 2.26) 0.078
  1. BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; HC, hip circumference; WHR, waist–hip ratio; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Data are mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated.
  2. Data are median (interquartile range). *P-value: women vs. men by Student–T test or Mann–Whitney U test.