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Table 3 Binary logistic regression analysis on presence of retinopathy in all adults, males and females

From: Retinopathy among young adults with Diabetes Mellitus from a tertiary care setting in Sri Lanka

  Odds ratio (95% CI)
Co-variants All adults Male Female
Age (years) 1.11 (1.04 – 1.18)# NA 1.11 (1.02 – 1.21)§
Duration of diabetes (years) 1.24 (1.15 – 1.33)* 1.56 (1.32 – 1.82)* 1.19 (1.10 – 1.29)*
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) NA NA 1.02 (1.00 – 1.05)§
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 1.04 (1.01 – 1.07)§ NA NA
HbA1c (%) 1.19 (1.04 – 1.36)# 1.32 (1.05 – 1.64)§ 1.20 (1.10 – 1.30)#
Urine Microalbumin (mg/l) 1.11 (1.10 – 1.21)§ 1.10 (1.05 – 1.15)§ 1.16 (1.10 – 1.22)§
  1. *- p < 0.001, #- p < 0.01, §- p <0.05; NA – Not Associated.