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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and study effects

From: Autonomous exercise game use improves metabolic control and quality of life in type 2 diabetes patients - a randomized controlled trial

Parameters Intervention group (n = 120) Control group (n = 100)
Sex (male/female) [n] 55 (46%) / 65 (54%) 46 (46%) / 54 (54%)
Age [years] 62 ± 11 60 ± 9
  Baseline (n = 120) End (n = 93) p Baseline (n = 100) End (n = 83) p
Weight [kg] 98 ± 19 96 ± 19 -1.2 ± 4.7 0.0001 96 ± 22 96 ± 24 -0.7 ± 2.6 0.014
Body mass index [kg/m2] 34.1 ± 6.5 33.5 ± 6.5 -0.4 ± 1.6 0.0001 33.2 ± 6.3 33.2 ± 6.5 -0.3 ± 0.9 0.007
Systolic blood pressure [mmHg] 134 ± 15 132 ± 13 -2 ± 15 ns 135 ± 17 136 ± 17 2 ± 14 ns
Diastolic blood pressure [mmHg] 80 ± 8 79 ± 8 -0.6 ± 10 ns 80 ± 9 80 ± 8 -0,3 ± 9 ns
Fasting blood glucose [mg/dl] 136 ± 39 127 ± 37 -8 ± 35 0.041 130 ± 39 130 ± 37 -3 ± 24 ns
Total cholesterol [mg/dl] 207 ± 43 204 ± 44 -3 ± 23 ns 202 ± 45 201 ± 45 -2 ± 18 ns
HDL cholesterol [mg/dl] 50 ± 14 51 ± 14 0 ± 7 ns 48 ± 11 49 ± 12 0 ± 5 ns
LDL cholesterol [mg/dl] 125 ± 35 125 ± 36 0 ± 23 ns 124 ± 50 120 ± 42 4 ± 26 ns
Triglycerides [mg/dl] 200 ± 123 198 ± 114 2 ± 65 ns 234 ± 251 238 ± 27 5 ± 69 ns
Physical activity [%] 42 ± 19 59 ± 17 12 ± 12 <0.0001 43 ± 21 46 ± 19 4 ± 10 0.002
Treatment with Metformin [%] 73 72 -1 ns 78 81 3 ns
Treatment with DPP-4 inhibitors [%] 16 16 0 ns 19 19 0 ns
  1. HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein. Shown are means ± standard deviations. Self-reported physical activity was estimated according to a 6-point questionnaire asking for intensity of working time physical activity, intensity of leisure time physical activity, frequency of physical activity during winter time, frequency of physical activity during summer time, duration of walking time per day and duration of bicycling time per day. Single values were summed up with the maximal reachable value set to 100%. Differences between groups had been determined by Chi-square test and Mann Whitney test.