Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Biological characteristics of male and female study patients by IR

From: Insulin resistance and adipokines serum levels in a caucasian cohort of hiv-positive patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy: a cross sectional study

Characteristics Males Females
  Patients without IR (Group 1) Patients with IR (Group 2) P Patients without IR (Group 1) Patients with IR (Group 2) P
N 14 (27.5) 37 (72.5)   16 (42.1) 22 (57.6)  
Adiponectin (μg/mL) a 14.1 (31.8) 8.3 (10.5) 0.03* 18.1 (28.1) 14.4 (12.7) 0.18
Leptin (ng/mL) a 0.6 (1.2) 0.9 (1.2) 0.25 2.8 (2.3) 5.3 (8.8) 0.04*
Resistin (ng/mL) a 4.9 (3.3) 5.5 (3) 0.8 5.3 (6) 6.2 (4.6) 0.5
TNF alpha (pg/mL) a 13.8 (17.6) 10.4 (14.6) 0.65 10.4 (14.3) 8.9 (14.8) 0.62
IL-6 (pg/mL) a 35.8 (22.6) 27.7 (18.5) 0.46 23.9 (14.4) 25.2 (4.9) 0.22
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 179.5± 33 197.6± 35.8 0.1 184± 34 202.9± 46.6 0.17
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 107.7± 34 115± 37.2 0.52 107± 32.6 112± 36.9 0.62
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 42.2± 12.5 40 ± 9.1 0.19 41.7± 8.5 48 ± 16 0.02*
Triglycerides (mg/dl) a 117.5 (84) 217 (157) 0.01* 167.5 (41) 165.5 (140) 0.96
  1. Data are shown as mean ± SD or number (percent).
  2. a Results presented as median (interquartile range).
  3. * p<0.05 Group 1 vs. Group 2.
  4. p values based on t-test for equality of means or Mann–Whitney test for continuous variables, Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables.