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Table 1 Socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics of the study population by sex

From: Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in a rural population in Ghana

Variable Male (%)a Female (%)a Total (%)a p
Age (Years)     P<0.001
35 – 44 39 (38.6) 67 (65.0) 106 (52.0)  
45 – 64 62 (61.4) 36 (35.0) 98 (48.0)  
Total 101 (100.0) 103 (100.0) 204 (100.0)  
Marital Status     P=0.001
Singleb 2 (2.0) 16 (15.4) 18 (8.7)  
Married 100 (98.0) 88 (84.6) 188 (91.3)  
Total 102 (100.0) 104 (100.0) 206 (100.0)  
Family Type     P=0.007
Open Parent 1 (1.0) 12 (11.7) 13 (6.4)  
Nuclear Family 94 (93.1) 83 (80.6) 177 (86.8)  
Extended Family 6 (5.9) 6 (5.8) 12 (5.9)  
Joint Family 0 (0.0) 2 (1.9) 2 (1.0)  
Total 101 (100.0) 103 (100.0) 204 (100.0)  
Educational Status     P=0.011
No Education 2 (2.0) 11 (10.6) 13 (6.3)  
Some Education c 100 (98.0) 93 (89.4) 193 (93.7)  
Total 102 (100.0) 104 (100.0) 206 (100.0)  
Insurance Status     P=0.662
Insured 84 (82.4) 88 (84.6) 172 (83.5)  
Uninsured 18 (17.6) 16 (15.4) 34 (16.5)  
Total 102 (100.0) 104 (100.0) 206 (100.0)  
Occupation     p<0.001
Sedentary Office Worker 19 (18.6) 1 (1.0) 20 (9.7)  
Active Office Worker 44 (43.1) 70 (67.3) 114 (55.3)  
Field Worker 39 (38.2) 33 (31.7) 72 (35.0)  
Total 102 (100.0) 104 (100.0) 206 (100.0)  
Smoking     p=0.007
Ever Smoker 15 (14.7) 4 (3.8) 19 (9.2)  
Never Smoker 87 (85.3) 100 (96.2) 187 (90.8)  
Total 102 (100.0) 104 (100.0) 206 (100.0)  
Alcohol     p=0.001
Ever Drinker 68 (67.3) 45 (43.3) 113 (55.1)  
Never Drinker 33 (32.7) 59 (56.7) 92 (44.9)  
Total 101 (100.0) 104 (100.0) 205 (100.0)  
Body Mass Index (BMI/kgm -2 ) d     p<0.001
< 25.00 72 (70.6) 46 (45.1) 118 (57.8)  
25.00 – 29.99 29 (28.4) 27 (26.5) 56 (27.5)  
≥ 30.00 1 (1.0) 29 (28.4) 30 (14.7)  
Total 102 (100.0) 102 (100.0) 204 (100.0)  
  1. p-values (2-tailed): Expresses the degree of significance between the sexes for each category.
  2. a Percentage in a column.
  3. b Single: Never married + Ever married (Separated, Divorced, Widow, Widower).
  4. c Some Education: Basic + Secondary + Tertiary.
  5. d Normal weight, BMI= <25.00kgm-2; Overweight, BMI= 25.00 – 29.99; Obese, BMI= ≥ 30.00.