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Table 3 Odds ratios for metabolic or glycemic abnormality associated with elevated biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction

From: Association of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction with metabolic syndrome, prediabetes and diabetes in adults from Inner Mongolia, China

  No Prediabetes,
Diabetes, or MetS
Prediabetes or
Diabetes only
MetS without
Prediabetes or
Diabetes
MetS plus
Prediabetes or
Diabetes
hsCRP (mg/L)
Age, gender 1.00 2.27 (1.69, 3.06) 3.00 (2.35, 3.84) 5.84 (4.53, 7.53)
Multivariable 1.00 2.22 (1.65, 3.00) 2.97 (2.33, 3.80) 5.70 (4.41, 7.33)
Multivariable + BMI 1.00 2.29 (1.69, 3.10) 2.38 (1.82, 3.11) 4.82 (3.69, 6.31)
sICAM-1 (ng/ml)
Age, gender 1.00 2.14 (1.60, 2.86) 1.13 (0.88, 1.46) 4.15 (3.24, 5.31)
Multivariable 1.00 2.06 (1.54, 2.76) 1.10 (0.85, 1.43) 3.98 (3.10, 5.12)
Multivariable + BMI 1.00 2.11 (1.58, 2.83) 0.91 (0.69, 1.21) 3.43 (2.64, 4.47)
sE-selectin (ng/mL)
Age, gender 1.00 0.82 (0.60, 1.12) 1.71 (1.35, 2.17) 1.27 (0.99, 1.62)
Multivariable 1.00 0.82 (0.60, 1.13) 1.71 (1.35, 2.17) 1.28 (1.00, 1.64)
Multivariable + BMI 1.00 0.85 (0.62, 1.17) 1.38 (1.06, 1.79) 1.06 (0.81, 1.38)
Angiotensin II (pg/mL)
Age, gender 1.00 0.63 (0.45, 0.87) 1.09 (0.85, 1.39) 1.05 (0.82, 1.35)
Multivariable 1.00 0.63 (0.45, 0.87) 1.06 (0.83, 1.36) 1.00 (0.78, 1.29)
Multivariable + BMI 1.00 0.62 (0.45, 0.86) 1.12 (0.86, 1.46) 1.05 (0.80, 1.37)
  1. Abbreviations: MetS, Metabolic Syndrome; hsCRP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein; sICAM-1, soluble Intercellular adhesion molecule-1; sE-selectin, soluble E-selectin; BG, blood glucose. The multivariable models are adjusted for age, gender, smoking, drinking and family history of hypertension.