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Table 3 Z-score of bone mineral density in Graves' disease patients, toxic multinodular goiter patients and controls.

From: Impact of severity, duration, and etiology of hyperthyroidism on bone turnover markers and bone mineral density in men

  Graves' Disease
(n = 31)
Toxic Nodular
goiter (n = 21)
Controls
(n = 25)
Significance
     P1 P2 P3
Mean ± SD -1.7 ± 0.5 -1.6 ± 0.6 -0.20 ± 0.26 <0.000111 <0.0001 >0.05
  1. P1: Graves' disease vs controls
  2. P2: Toxic multinodular goiter vs controls.
  3. P3: GD vs TNG